Marijuana DUI in California: Understanding Your Rights and Responsibilities

What Constitutes a Marijuana DUI in California? In California, driving under the influence of marijuana constitutes a violation of Vehicle Code 23152(f). This law makes it illegal to operate a vehicle if you are impaired by marijuana or any other drug. Being “under the influence” means that due to marijuana consumption, your physical or mental […]
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How to Secure a Restricted Driving License in California Following a DUI

  A restricted license is a special permit issued by the California Department of Motor Vehicles (DMV) that allows individuals with suspended driver’s licenses to drive under specific conditions. This type of license is typically granted to individuals who need to drive to essential commitments, such as work, school, or DUI treatment programs. The privileges […]
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Riverside Police Crack Down on Drug Trade with “Operation Street Sweeper’

Photo Credit: (OPERATION “STREET SWEEPER” NETS OVER 100 ARRESTS ALONG MAGNOLIA CORRIDOR) Via: www.riversideca.gov   “Operation Street Sweeper” targeted drug-related activities along the Magnolia Avenue corridor in Riverside, Southern California. Law enforcement agencies conducted this major drug bust over a three-week period, resulting in numerous arrests and significant disruption to the local drug trade. The […]
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FBI Most Wanted poster of Cesar Villareal for 2010 Los Angeles County murder

Wanted Man Sought by FBI for Deadly 2010 Shooting in Los Angeles County

Photo Credit: (https://www.fbi.gov/wanted/murders/cesar-villarreal) The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) has intensified its search for Cesar Villareal. They placed him on the FBI’s Most Wanted list due to his alleged role in a 2010 fatal shooting in Los Angeles County. In response to these allegations, the FBI offers a reward of up to $5,000 for information […]
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California’s Three-Tier Sex Offender Registration System

The primary purpose of the sex offender registry is to enhance public safety by monitoring individuals who have committed sex crimes. This registry serves as a preventive measure, aiming to reduce the chances of recidivism by making information available to the public about registered sex offenders. It helps communities stay informed about the presence of […]
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Orange County Sober Living Home Owner Faces Federal Indictment for Kickback Scheme

  Federal authorities recently arrested Scott Raffa, charging him with illegal activities connected to his Orange County sober living homes. Raffa allegedly paid nearly $175,000 in kickbacks to “body brokers” to attract new patients to his facilities. This arrest occurred at Los Angeles International Airport, and he faces these charges in the United States District […]
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The California Wobbler Offense Explained: Charges, Reductions, and Expungements

In California, a ‘wobbler’ offense is uniquely flexible within the criminal justice system, characterized by its ability to be charged and punished either as a felony or a misdemeanor. The distinction between these two levels of charges typically depends on the specifics of the case, including the severity of the offense, the circumstances surrounding the […]
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Marina del Rey Shooting Suspect Charged, Faces Life in Prison if Convicted

On April 13, 2024,e Victoryloc Vinh Nguyen reportedly fired over 90 rounds in an unprovoked shooting spree at a Marina del Rey apartment complex, targeting civilians and law enforcement officers. Remarkably, no injuries were reported. In response, Los Angeles County District Attorney George Gascón announced multiple charges against Nguyen on April 16, 2024. Charges Against […]
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Kanye West Identified as Suspect in Los Angeles Battery Case Following Alleged Assault on Wife

On April 16, 2024, Los Angeles police named Ye, the artist formerly known as Kanye West, as a suspect in a battery case. Authorities allege that Ye punched a man during a physical altercation. This incident reportedly followed a physical engagement involving Ye’s wife, Bianca Censori. Witnesses and reports indicate that the altercation occurred at […]
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When Does Petty Theft Escalate to a Felony in Los Angeles?

Petty theft, under California law, refers to the theft of property whose value does not exceed $950. This type of theft is classified as a misdemeanor, reflecting its lower severity compared to grand theft. California Penal Code Section 484 defines petty theft as the unlawful taking of someone else’s property when the property’s value is […]
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Anaheim Police Seek Man After Disturbing Animal Abuse Caught on Tape

In a disturbing instance of animal cruelty in Anaheim, California, law enforcement officials are currently seeking a man involved in a severe case of animal abuse. Captured on surveillance footage on April 7th, near Brookhurst Street and the 5 Freeway, the suspect is seen engaging in the violent act of dropkicking a small puppy, in […]
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Can You Refuse a Breathalyzer Test in California?

if you’re pulled over for suspected DUI, law enforcement is likely to request a breathalyzer test to assess your BAC. While complying is often advised, should you choose to refuse, it’s vital to understand the resulting legal and practical consequences. Refusing a breathalyzer under the state’s implied consent law, which you agree to by driving, […]
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Legal Insight: Navigating the Intersection of AI, Privacy, and Law in the Laguna Beach High School Incident

The Laguna Beach Unified School District and local law enforcement are investigating the circulation of AI-generated nude photos of students online. This incident raises significant legal questions, particularly regarding the creation and distribution of explicit images using artificial intelligence. The investigation began after it was discovered that nude photos of students, generated by artificial intelligence […]
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Three Mexican Nationals with Over 1 Million Fentanyl Pills Plead Guilty in Los Angeles

Guilty Plea to Federal Narcotics Charge In Los Angeles, three men from Sinaloa, Mexico, admitted their roles in a drug trafficking operation. Florencio Camacho Allan, Gerardo Gaxiola Patiño, and Alex Valdez Oroz pleaded guilty to conspiracy to distribute and possess with intent to distribute fentanyl. This charge implicates them in a scheme to distribute over […]
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Comprehensive Guide to California DUI Penalties

DUI Defense at The Law Offices of Arash Hashemi Facing a DUI charge in California can lead to significant consequences, including fines, license suspensions, and possible imprisonment. The DUI laws are extensive and strictly applied by both the criminal justice system and the Department of Motor Vehicles (DMV). At The Law Offices of Arash Hashemi, […]
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What to Expect During a Criminal Trial in Los Angeles

Defendant’s Right to Have a Lawyer In California, every criminal defendant has the right to legal representation. This right is guaranteed by the Sixth Amendment of the U.S. Constitution. If a defendant cannot afford a lawyer, the court will appoint one. This is known as a public defender. Defendants can also choose to hire a […]
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Key Elements Required for Establishing Conspiracy Charges

Understanding Criminal Conspiracy Charges A criminal conspiracy charge arises under the following conditions: You and at least one other person agree to commit a crime. You intend to commit the crime. You or a co-conspirator perform an overt act towards committing the crime. Liability for conspiracy does not require you to personally commit an unlawful […]
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Police Allege California Pastor Paid Hitmen to Murder Daughter’s Boyfriend

Samuel Pasillas, a 47-year-old pastor from Victorville, California, got arrested on March 13 amid severe legal issues. Accusations against him include orchestrating a murder-for-hire plot targeting his daughter’s boyfriend, sparking significant public interest. The attack happened on October 21, 2023, in Riverside’s Orangecrest neighborhood. The target, shot at several times while driving, survived and got […]
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How the Fourth Amendment Protects You During Vehicle Searches in California

The Fourth Amendment’s Influence on Vehicle Searches in California The Fourth Amendment requires probable cause for law enforcement to search vehicles, aiming to prevent unreasonable searches and seizures. Vehicle searches in California adhere to this, with laws allowing adaptations due to vehicles’ dynamic nature. In California, searches need probable cause, in line with the Fourth […]
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Former Law Firm Office Manager Sentenced for Embezzling Over $1.1 Million

Jairo Tomas Santos, ex-office manager of a San Francisco law firm, received a 36-month prison sentence for embezzling over $1.1 million. The Hon. William H. Alsup, United States District Judge, also ordered Santos to pay $1,191,638.64 in restitution. United States Attorney Ismail J. Ramsey and FBI Special Agent in Charge Robert K. Tripp announced this. […]
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Former Attorney for Foster Children Charged with Child Pornography Crimes in Los Angeles

Charles Aghoian, 61, previously a supervising attorney for a nonprofit, faces charges related to child sexual abuse material (CSAM). He voluntarily surrendered to federal law enforcement and pleaded not guilty at his arraignment in downtown Los Angeles’s United States District Court. Specific Charges Against Aghoian The indictment charges Aghoian with three counts of distributing and […]
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Unlawful Search and Seizure in California

Unlawful Search and Seizure California’s search and seizure laws strive to harmonize law enforcement practices with the protection of individual rights, safeguarding against unlawful search and seizure without valid legal grounds. Both the Fourth Amendment and state legislation in California provide these safeguards. However, not every search and seizure is illegal. Law enforcement is permitted […]
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Orange County Resident Admits Guilt in Planned Parenthood Firebombing

Tibet Ergul, a 22-year-old from Irvine, California, admitted to orchestrating a series of planned attacks, including a firebombing at a Planned Parenthood clinic in Costa Mesa in March 2022, plotting against an electrical substation in Orange, and targeting Dodger Stadium during an LGBTQ pride event. His guilty plea encompasses one felony count of conspiracy to […]
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Criminal Statute of Limitations in California

Statute of Limitations in Criminal Cases California law defines a time limit for prosecutors, both federal and state, to bring criminal charges against someone. If charges come after this time limit, courts will dismiss them. This rule protects people from the anxiety of facing charges for long-past actions. It promotes prompt legal action while upholding […]
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Underage DUI In California: Laws and Penalties

Understanding Zero Tolerance Laws in California California enforces zero tolerance laws to address underage drinking and driving, prohibiting individuals under 21 from operating a vehicle with any detectable alcohol in their system. These laws reflect a stringent approach to prevent the risks associated with underage drinking. Under California’s zero tolerance policy, it is a criminal […]
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Third DUI Offense in California: Legal Penalties and Processes

Understanding a Third DUI Offense in California In California, the severity of driving under the influence (DUI) charges escalates with each arrest. If you commit a third DUI offense within a 10-year period, you face incredibly serious consequences, such as fines, jail time, and restrictions on your driver’s license. DUIs Count as Prior Offenses in […]
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Over Six Years in Prison for Drug Dealer Arrested with 15 Pounds of Fentanyl

  Melvin Alexis Diaz Arteaga, 30, from Oakland and a citizen of Honduras, received a 78-month federal prison sentence for six drug charges. These charges were related to his activities in San Francisco’s Tenderloin district, where he was involved in the sale and intent to sell fentanyl, methamphetamine, heroin, and cocaine. The sentencing, announced by […]
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Honduran Fentanyl Dealer in Tenderloin Sentenced to Six Years for Ghost Gun Possession

United States District Judge James Donato sentenced 28-year-old Honduran national Esmun Moyses Moral-Raudales to 6.5 years in prison. He received this sentence for distributing dangerous drugs in San Francisco’s Tenderloin District. Moral-Raudales pleaded guilty to distributing methamphetamine and fentanyl. Charges and Admission Moral-Raudales pleaded guilty in October 2023 to charges under 21 U.S.C. § 841(a)(1) […]
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Federal Sentencing of San Bernardino Brothers for Armed Robbery and Homicide

A court has sentenced two brothers, Martrell Patrick Shaw, 20, and Rontrell Brainell Shaw, 22, to federal prison for their roles in the armed robbery and murder of a marijuana dealer in San Bernardino in July 2021. Along with their cousin Dillion Jones, the Shaw brothers meticulously planned and carried out the robbery, which tragically […]
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California Penal Code 29810 PC – Relinquishment of Firearms by Convicted Persons

California Penal Code 29810 PC – Relinquishment of Firearms

Penal Code 29810 PC Overview Effective January 2018, Penal Code 29810 PC requires individuals convicted of certain crimes in California to surrender their firearms. This law is a critical component of Proposition 63, aimed at strengthening gun control. Key Provisions: Court Directive: Upon conviction, the court must inform the defendant of their firearm ownership ban […]
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California Penal Code 211 PC – Robbery

Understanding Robbery Under California Penal Code Section 211 California Penal Code Section 211 defines robbery as forcefully or fearfully taking property from someone against their will. For an act to qualify as robbery, it must involve: Taking property directly from the person or in their immediate presence. The use of physical force or a deadly […]
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San Fernando Valley Drug Trafficking: Cocaine, Meth, and Fentanyl Ring Busted

Law enforcement officials arrested four individuals in Los Angeles for operating a drug trafficking ring in the San Fernando Valley, as detailed in a 15-count federal grand jury indictment. This operation involved distributing cocaine, methamphetamine, and fentanyl. The Operation The indictment reveals a structured drug trafficking network. Giselle Buraye, 23, from Van Nuys, along with […]
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Former Los Angeles Councilman José Huizar Sentenced to 13 Years in Federal Prison for Racketeering Conspiracy and Tax Evasion

Former Los Angeles City Councilman José Huizar, was sentenced to 13 years in prison Friday in a high-profile corruption case. He was found guilty of accepting at least $1.5 million in cash and benefits. These were in exchange for his assistance in approving various real estate projects in downtown LA. A year ago, Huizar pleaded […]
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California Three Strike Law: Penal Code Section 667

California Three Strike Law: Penal Code Section 667

California’s Three Strikes Law significantly impacts sentencing for repeat felony offenders. It mandates doubled sentences for individuals with one prior serious or violent felony upon any new felony conviction. For those with two such prior convictions, a third felony conviction leads to a minimum 25-year to life sentence, with parole eligibility determined by the Parole […]
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Understanding the Difference Between Restraining Orders and Protective Orders in California

In California, people often use “Restraining Orders” and “Protective Orders” interchangeably, but understanding their specific applications and legal implications is crucial. Both orders, which are judicial decrees, aim to protect individuals from unwanted behaviors like stalking, harassment, threats, or physical abuse. The court directs these orders at specific individuals, named in the orders, to stop […]
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Violating a Restraining Order: California Penal Code Section 273.6 PC

Violating a Restraining Order: California Penal Code Section 273.6 PC

Violating a Restraining Order Violating a restraining or protective order is a serious offense under California Penal Code 273.6. This crime occurs when an individual intentionally and knowingly disobeys a court-issued protective or restraining order. Such orders, including temporary restraining orders (TROs) in civil cases and protective orders in criminal court, are designed to safeguard […]
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 The Arrest and Charges Against Bruce Edward Bell in Los Angeles Bank Robbery

The Arrest and Charges Against Bruce Edward Bell in The Sun Valley Bank Robbery

Photo: (Photographs of Bell are being released in order to identify and speak with additional persons who may have been victimized)/ www.lapdonline.org Bruce Edward Bell’s arrest on December 21, 2023, for a high-stakes bank robbery in Sun Valley, Los Angeles, marks a critical development in a series of criminal activities. Bell, facing charges for allegedly […]
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California Penal Code § 243(e)(1) PC – Domestic Battery

California Penal Code 243(e)(1) PC – Domestic Battery

What is Domestic Battery? Under California Penal Code Section 243(e)(1), domestic battery is a misdemeanor offense that involves the use of force against an intimate partner. This charge is commonly applied in cases of spousal abuse, cohabitant altercations, or other domestic violence conflicts. Key Elements of Domestic Battery: Willful and Harmful Touching: The defendant must […]
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San Fernando Valley Police Arrest Convicted Felon for Ghost Gun and Counterfeit Watch Sales

San Fernando Valley Police Arrest Convicted Felon for Ghost Gun and Counterfeit Watch Sales

Photo: (photograph of the handgun recovered/photograph of the seized watches) / www.lapdonline.org   The Los Angeles Police Department’s Commercial Crimes Division, specifically the Illicit Pharmaceutical and Counterfeit Unit (IPCU), recently made a significant arrest in the San Fernando Valley. Albert Bantug, a 33-year-old ex-convict, was apprehended for selling counterfeit Rolex watches. His bail was set […]
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California Penal Code Section 240 PC – Assault

In California, the crime of assault is defined under Penal Code 240 PC as the unlawful attempt, coupled with a present ability, to commit a violent injury on another person. This law, commonly addressing what is known as “simple assault,” is fundamental in the state’s criminal justice system. It highlights the legal boundary not only […]
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Second Aryan Brotherhood Prison Gang Member Pleads Guilty to Murder in Aid of Racketeering

Second Aryan Brotherhood Prison Gang Member Pleads Guilty to Murder in Aid of Racketeering

Photo: (Pat Brady, 53, of Lake Forest (U.S. Attorney’s Office, Eastern District of California) Pat Brady, a 53-year-old Aryan Brotherhood member, confessed to a murder within a Northern California prison, as part of a significant investigation into the gang’s activities. This announcement was made by the U.S. District Attorney’s Office. Details of the Prison Murder […]
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California Penal Code Section 186.22 PC: Gang Enhancements

Often referred to as ‘Gang Enhancements,’ California Penal Code Section 186.22 PC deals with criminal street gangs. It’s integral to the “Street Terrorism Enforcement and Prevention Act”(STEP) in California, addressing gang-related issues. Active Participation in a Criminal Street Gang Subsection (a) of Penal Code Section 186.22 PC defines the consequences for individuals actively participating in […]
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California Man Pleads Guilty to Major IRS Fraud: Nearly $900,000 in Unlawful Tax Refunds

California Man Pleads Guilty to Major IRS Fraud: Nearly $900,000 in Unlawful Tax Refunds

Richard Jason Mountford, a resident of Monterey County, California, confessed to a substantial tax fraud, cheating the IRS out of nearly $900,000. His guilty plea, recorded in a federal court, acknowledges his role in a sophisticated tax scheme from 2016 to 2020. Court documents reveal that Mountford, alongside unnamed accomplices, submitted fraudulent income tax returns. […]
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Grand Theft Auto | California Penal Code 487(d)(1) PC

Photo: (close up on man trying to break into a car) In California, the legal landscape surrounding grand theft auto is uncompromising. If you find yourself accused of grand theft auto, you could potentially encounter significant legal consequences. Grand Theft Auto Laws and Penalties in California In California, vehicle theft can lead to charges under […]
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Father Arrested in California After Son Fatally Shoots 10-Year-Old with Stolen Gun

Photo: (arrangement at a crime scene)   Law enforcement in Sacramento County apprehended a 53-year-old man named Arkete Davis and his 10-year-old son following a tragic shooting incident. The boy, whose identity remains undisclosed, fatally shot another 10-year-old with a stolen gun he discovered in his father’s car. This incident took place in Foothill Farms, […]
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Understanding Plea Bargains in California’s Criminal Justice System

Navigating the criminal justice system in California, particularly for first-time defendants, can be daunting. A key component of this system is the plea bargain, a tool used in the vast majority of criminal cases. This article provides a clear, professional insight into the role of plea bargains in California, offering valuable information for anyone involved […]
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